This volume is the result of the latest works of twenty-two scholars, among them some of the most prominent experts in Holocaust historical and literary research. This common subject, Comprehending the Holocaust, is still an unattained and perhaps unattainable objective for the present generation. Nevertheless, these outstanding scholars, from various countries, present the most up-to-date answers - though some of them seem controversial. The topic, the comprehension, is discussed in the context of both the Holocaust and its aftermath. All papers were prepared for a Congress that was held in June 1986 by the Strochlitz Institute at the University of Haifa.