This book focuses on the current reform processes of the armed forces and the recent development of civil-military relations in Europe. Major trends in the development of modern military organizations are examined in detail. The spectrum of the analysis ranges from the abolition of the draft in most European countries to aspects of the organizational design of today’s military organizations, the multicultural and multinational framework of future military missions, and the so-called process of «feminization» of military units. The analysis is based on a number of case studies (e.g., Belgium, France, Germany, Slovenia, Spain, the Netherlands, etc.) and is primarily descriptive and comparative.