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Being a Man

The Roman "Virtus</I> as a Contribution to Moral Philosophy


Juhani Sarsila

Contents: History of virtus (‘manliness’, ‘virtue’) in Republican Rome – Moral philosophy (ethics) – Virtue ethics – Conceptual content of virtus in individual authors – Good - bad (evil) – Virtue - vice – Man’s virtue - woman’s virtue – Virility – Military efficiency – Heroism – Unremitting action – Virtus and fortuna (‘good luck’) – Humanism – Stoicism (existentialism) – Epicureanism (nominalism) – Intellectual faculties – «Elitism» – Commitment and dedication to immanent reality – Man’s intrinsic value (worth), or ontic value, or his or her conscience.