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The Need for a Paradigm Shift in Science Education for Post-Soviet Societies

Research and Practice (Estonian Example)

Jack Holbrook, Miia Rannikmäe, Priit Reiska and Paul Ilsley

This book explores the evidence for paradigm shifts in the context of science education. The articles draw attention to areas where there is a perceived need for a paradigm shift in post-Soviet countries if science education is to meet the goal of enhancing scientific literacy. Estonia, as an example of a faster developing country from those in the post-Soviet block, recognised the need to change its System when the economy allowed. Its first focus was in the area of technology. It was seen as vital to generate interest towards science for students studying in compulsory education. Inevitably scientific thinking plays an important role in the development of a society, and where post-Soviet countries are part of the European Union they also will need to see an important role of school science in preparing adults for a knowledge-based society. The paradigm shifts are thus seen in this light.
Contents: Jack Holbrook: Paradigm Shifts in Science Education – Moonika Teppo/Miia Rannikmäe: Paradigm Shift for Teachers: More Relevant Science Teaching – Klaara Kask/Miia Rannikmäe/Rachel Mamlok-Naaman: A Paradigm Shift in Science Teaching - Teacher Development for Inquiry Teaching – Anne Laius/Miia Rannikmäe/Robert E. Yager: A Paradigm Shift for Teachers: Enhancing Students’ Creativity and Reasoning Skills – Rain Mikser/Priit Reiska/Kai Rohtla/Helmut Dahncke: Paradigm Shift for Teachers: Interdisciplinary Teaching – Katrin Vaino/Jack Holbrook: Challenging Chemistry Teacher’s Beliefs - Towards a Paradigm Shift – Priit Reiska/Alberto J. Cañas/Joseph D. Novak/Norma L. Miller: Concept Mapping as a Tool for Meaningful Learning and Assessment – Arne Rannikmäe/Miia Rannikmäe/Jack Holbrook: A Paradigm Shift in Teachers: Recognising the Nature of Science and its Place in Teaching – Imbi Henno/Priit Reiska/Patrik Scheinin: Need for Paradigm Shift - Examining the High Ranking of Estonian Students in PISA – Mare Teichmann/Jakob Kübarsepp: Students’ Preparation for, and Coping with, Tertiary Level Science and Engineering Education – Miia Rannikmäe: A Paradigm Shift for the System: Enhancing Teacher Ownership and Professional Development – Jack Holbrook: Promoting Valid Assessment of Learning through Standardised Testing – Jack Holbrook: Promoting Competency driven School-based Assessment – Jack Holbrook: The Way Forward – Imbi Henno: A Critique of Current Educational Policies for Science Teaching based on the Estonian Example – Miia Rannikmäe/Priit Reiska: The Research and Development Projects in Estonian Science Education related to Paradigm Shift.