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The French Oratorians and Absolutism, 1611 - 1641


Charles E. Williams

Contents: Topics include the spiritual development of Bérulle and Condren, Carmelite opposition to the vows of servitude, the Oratorians in French society, and conflicts between the Oratorians and Cardinal de Richelieu.
This study focuses on the controversies over spirituality that are important in understanding oppositions to absolutism and the rise of the Jansenist movement in France.