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What Security for which Europe?

Case Studies From the Baltic to the Black Sea

David W. P. Lewis and Gilles Lepesant

The region between the Baltic and the Black Sea has throughout history played the role of frontier or margin. Its identity has never been precisely defined. Today, the Baltic States, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova, products of a disintegrated Soviet empire, have acquired independence but seek security guarantees. Notwithstanding the recent accessions to NATO, such guarantees are not only or even principally military in nature. Threats to national and regional stability have become more insidious, embracing cultural, social and economic dimensions of concern to all of Europe. Changes in the European security environment and impending enlargement of the European Union continue to create new challenges.
NATO, the European Union, the Council of Europe, OSCE and regional bodies such as the Council of Baltic Sea States are all striving to meet the challenges of the new political configuration. Conflict in the Balkans adds to the urgency of this endeavor. This book addresses such issues as immigration, infiltration of organized crime and maintenance under EU rules of border exchanges at least as free as those that already exist in the region. Governments and international organizations should not regard institutional expansion and geopolitical restructuring merely as «western plus». From the other end of the telescope the view is very different.
The College of Europe is an innovative post-graduate institute of European studies, established in Bruges in 1949. It draws graduates from a wide range of countries to study and live together. The College has always offered courses closely following European integration, continuously adapting to its programs while maintaining high standards. The College is characterized by its independence, its bilingualism (English and French), the diversity of its distinguished faculty and the multicultural environment of student life. Following the breakdown of the Berlin wall and the emergence of new democracies in Central Europe, it was normal that Bruges be complemented by a campus in Natolin, Warsaw. Natolin specializes in issues of Central and Eastern Europe and draws students from more than thirty countries. In addition to teaching, it serves as a center of ideas, organizing conferences on the objectives, processes, and institutions of European integration. Several of these served as a basis for this publication.
Contents: Jacek Saryusz-Wolski: Foreword - Gilles Lepesant: Introduction: Unity and Diversity of Europe's Eastern Marches - Daniel Beauvois: Russia, Belarus, Ukraine: Can the «Slavic core» of the Community of Independent States Lay Claim to Historical Legitimacy? - Michel Foucher: Geopolitical Reorganisation Between the Baltic Sea and the Black Sea - Taras Kuzio: «Return to Europe» - Ukraine's Strategic Foreign Policy Agenda - Ihor Kharchenko: NATO Enlargement: A Ukrainian Perspective - Andrei Sannikov: Belarus and the New European Security - Vasile Nedelciuc: Uncertain Neutrality: Impact of Post-Soviet Realignments on Moldova's Security - Irina Kobrinskaya: Turbulent Neighbours: Issues in Russian-Ukrainian Relations - Janusz Onyszkiewicz: The Eastern Policy of Poland - Gerd Tebbe: Baltic Sea Regional Co-operation after 1989 - Matthias Lücke: Reflections on the Economic Security of Belarus - Marc Nordberg: Energy, Interdependence and Security in Belarus and Ukraine - Lucia Padure: Challenges and Opportunities for Economic Development in Moldova - Louise I. Shelley: Organised Crime and Corruption: Security Threats - David W.P. Lewis: The Eastern Border of an Enlarged European Union - David W.P. Lewis: Conclusion: A New Map Requires Fresh Thinking - Bronislaw Geremek: Postface.