This study shows that the problems of national development in Southern Africa (that part of Africa south of the Equator) are caused primarily by the absence of educational innovation. The steady decline of the economy, political conflict, and social disintegration are intimately related to the lack of innovation in education. The book begins by discussing the problems of contemporary Southern Africa as a legacy of the policies defined and pursued by the colonial governments. The unwillingness of the colonial governments to operate by democratic principles influenced their replacements, African leaders, who found it politically expedient to perpetuate this practice. This created the enormous problems that Southern Africa now faces. Educational innovation would help to resolve these problems.