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Lexicography at a Crossroads

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias Today, Lexicographical Tools Tomorrow


Henning Bergenholtz, Sandro Nielsen and Sven Tarp

This book contains a collection of original research articles on lexicography written by prominent international scholars within the field. It aims at describing the state-of-the-art in lexicography at the beginning of the 21 st century and at making proposals for future theoretical and practical work in the field.
Theoretical lexicography currently has two competing theories: a contemplative theory focusing on the description of existing dictionaries on the basis of linguistic principles, and a function-based, transformative theory focusing on the dictionary and the user in order to develop new principles for dictionary research and dictionary making. Research in lexicography has now reached a crossroads and it is time to take stock of the present situation and try to identify the theories and principles that will set the agenda and point the direction for future lexicographic research and the production of printed and electronic dictionaries.
Contents: Henning Bergenholtz/Sandro Nielsen/Sven Tarp: Introduction – Sven Tarp: Beyond Lexicography: New Visions and Challenges in the Information Age – Yukio Tono: Pocket Electronic Dictionaries in Japan: User Perspectives – Serge Verlinde/Jean Binon: Pedagogical Lexicography Revisited – Gerard Meijssen: The Philosophy behind OmegaWiki and the Visions for the Future – Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera: The Function Theory of Lexicography and Electronic Dictionaries: WIKTIONARY as a Prototype of Collective Free Multiple-Language Internet Dictionary – Joseph Dung: Online Dictionaries in a Web 2.0 Environment – Jón Hilmar Jónsson: Lemmatisation of Multi-word Lexical Units: Motivation and Benefits – Zhang Yihua: A Bilingual Dictionary Generation System Based on the Microstructure of a Lexicographical Database – Philippe Humblé: Dictionaries on the Periphery. The Case of Brazil – Robert Lew: Towards Variable Function-Dependent Sense Ordering in Future Dictionaries – Rufus H. Gouws: Dictionaries as Innovative Tools in a New Perspective on Standardisation – Patrick Leroyer: Lexicography Hits the Road: New Information Tools for Tourists – Raja Saravanan: Structural Format for a Dialect Dictionary Showing Lexical Variation with Special Reference to Microstructure and Macrostructure – Julia Pajzs: On the Possibility of Creating Multifunctional Lexicographical Databases – Birger Andersen/Sandro Nielsen: Ten Key Issues in Lexicography for the Future.