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Europe and its Others

Essays on Interperception and Identity


Paul Gifford and Tessa Hauswedell

This volume presents selected proceedings of a conference on ‘Europe and its Others’ held at St Andrews University in 2007. It seeks to explore the collective and cultural persona implied by Europe’s richly diverse gaze upon, and dealings with, non-Europeans, encountered or represented in the course of travel, trade, conquest or cultural exchange – and their gaze-in-return questioning ‘Europe’.
The play of defining ‘interperceptions’ is followed here in a series of essays covering a broad spectrum of imaginative writings, film, history and culture theory produced in many European languages.
Bringing together specialists in all these fields, this volume scans the unseen processes that the early twenty-first century has come to discern in identity formation: the role of gender as a paradigmatic signifier of Otherness; the narrating of history and memory; the role of border zones and marginalities; the hidden grammar of hostility and violence; the bonding effected by shared values and sacralities; public and private spaces of representation; the Other without and the otherness within.
What emerges from this two-way play of reflection is a sense of the tissue of awareness of the cultural identity that is ‘Europe’; and, perhaps, a renewed openness to Europe’s Others.
Contents: Tessa Hauswedell: Introduction – Paul Gifford: Defining ‘Others’: how interperceptions shape identities – Jane Pettegree: Writing Christendom in the English Renaissance: a reappraisal of Denys Hay’s view of the emergence of ‘Europe’ – Kate Marsh: The feminized Indian Other: English and French conceptions of ‘womanhood’ – Patricia Howe: Appropriation and alienation: women travellers and the construction of identity – Wanda Campbell: Eden lost and found: early Canadian women poets look back to Europe – Judith Froemmer: Crucesignati - signed with the cross: Tasso’s poetics of crusade – Volker Langbehn: Disciplining the black body: German colonialism and visual violence – Sven Kramer: Including and excluding the Holocaust: changing perceptions in German and European identities – Michaela Peroutkova: Narratives about the expulsion of Germans: a German-Czech comparison – Boris Previsic: Europe’s blind spot on violence: the fall of Yugoslavia and references to World War II – Jonathan H. Hsy: ‘Oure Occian’: littoral language and the Constance narratives of Chaucer and Boccaccio – Frances Nethercott: Russia and the West: Russian histories of the European Other – Meliz Ergin: Otherness within Turkey, and between Turkey and Europe – Roger Hillman: Transnationalism in the films of Fatih Akin – Kunio Tsunekawa: ‘Mirror of the West’: a critique and a plea.