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English Contrastive Studies

From the Fifteenth to the Eighteenth Century


Tomasz P. Krzeszowski

Contrastive linguistics has a much longer history than is commonly assumed in the literature on the subject. This monograph is an account of contrastive studies conducted in England and documented in written materials originating between the middle of the fifteenth century and the end of the eighteenth century. These materials show that contrastive studies were conducted systematically, covered a large scope of language data in various languages, and occasioned a number of theoretical and methodological issues, anticipating those that have constituted the mainstream of modern contrastive studies. Among them were negative and positive transfer, with the accompanying efforts to counteract the former and utilize the latter, as well as the notorious difficulties with establishing the necessary tertium comparationis, though not expressly formulated, inevitably hovering in the wings, and occasionally prompting new methodological techniques.
Contents: Predecessors of contrastive studies – The sign theory – Developments in the methodology of contrastive studies – Foreign language teaching – Differences and similarities as related to foreign language learning – Counteracting errors – Universal grammar – English compared with other vernacular languages – Pedagogical comparative grammars.