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Classroom Struggle

Organizing Elementary School Teaching in the 19th Century

Series:

Edited By Marcelo Caruso

During the institutionalization of mass schooling in the 19 th century, teaching large groups of children became both a necessity and a matter of regulation. For officials and inspectors the systematization of classroom interactions was important for effective results. However, while systematization could bring about the constant attention of children and their uninterrupted work, interactions themselves were difficult to control. Rationalized models of classroom organization provided alternatives for managing large groups before age grading became the dominant pattern of organizing interactions. The contributions in this volume explore diverse paths of transition towards modern classroom organization in different countries, allowing transnational perspectives and comparisons.

BIC Classifications

  • Humanities (H)
    • History (HB)
      • Regional & national history (HBJ)
        • History of other lands (HBJQ)
      • History: earliest times to present day (HBL)
        • Modern history to 20th century: c 1700 to c 1900 (HBLL)
  • Society & social sciences (J)
    • Education (JN)
      • Philosophy & theory of education (JNA)
      • Schools (JNL)
        • Primary & middle schools (JNLB)
      • Higher & further education, tertiary education (JNM)
        • Teacher training (JNMT)

BISAC Classifications

  • Education (EDU)
    • EDUCATION / Aims & Objectives (EDU003000)
    • EDUCATION / Educational Psychology (EDU009000)
    • EDUCATION / Elementary (EDU010000)
  • History (HIS)
    • HISTORY / Europe / General (HIS010000)
    • HISTORY / Latin America / General (HIS024000)

THEMA Classifications

  • Society & Social Sciences (J)
    • Education (JN)
      • Philosophy & theory of education (JNA)
      • Schools (JNL)
        • Primary & middle schools (JNLB)
      • Higher & further education, tertiary education (JNM)
        • Teacher training (JNMT)
  • History & Archaeology (N)
    • History (NH)
      • European history (NHD)
      • History of the Americas (NHK)
      • History of other lands (NHQ)
  • Health, Relationships & Personal development (V)
    • Self-help & personal development (VS)
      • Advice on education (VSK)
  • Geographical qualifiers (1)
    • Europe (1D)
    • The Americas (1K)
      • South & Central America (including Mexico), Latin America (1KL)
  • Time period qualifiers (3)
    • c 1500 onwards to present day (3M)
      • 19th century, c 1800 to c 1899 (3MN)
      • 20th century, c 1900 to c 1999 (3MP)
      • 21st century, c 2000 to c 2100 (3MR)