National Olympic Games were more closely connected with the Ancient Greek ideal than the modern international Olympic Games of de Coubertin. Moreover, such national or regional Olympic Games have not only been precursors for the international Olympic Games but also they have been further developed parallel with the international Olympic Movement - even in the 20th century, in Europe, in North and South America and in Asia. In the emerging nation states of Europe, both before as well as after the turn of the century, these national Olympic Games had a more important function (identity-forming) than the Olympic Games.
Frankfurt/M., Berlin, Bern, New York, Paris, Wien, 1997. VIII, 219 pp., 6 fig., 4 tab.
Contents: W. Decker and A. Kivroglou: The first Greek Olympic Games of Zappas in 1859 - G. Gori: Sports Festivals in Italy
between the 19th and 20th Centuries: A Kind of National Olympic Games? - J. K. Rühl and A. Keuser: Olympic Games in 19th Century
England with Special Consideration of the Liverpool Olympics - K. Moore: «Love of Fair Play»: The Ambivalent Response to the
Olympic Movement in England, 1891 - 1914 - R. Naul: The National Olympic Games Movement in Germany - J. Ljunggren and L. Yttergren:
The Nordic Games: Visions of Olympic Winter Games or a National Festival? - J. Kössl: The Czech Olympic Committee and Czech
Olympic Games - A. Krüger: The Olympic Games of 1936 as the fifth German Combat Games - W. Kraemer-Mandeau: National and International
Olympic Movements in Latin America - G. A. Leyshon: The first British Empire Games, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, 1930.