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The Third Sector as a Job Machine?

Conditions, Potentials, and Policies for Job Creation in German Nonprofit Organizations


Sigrid Betzelt

Die Arbeit wurde mit dem Preis «Arbeit und Zukunft Trommel 2001» des Vereins Arbeit und Zukunft ausgezeichnet.
The author examines the employment potentials of the German nonprofit sphere of voluntary organizations (Third Sector) in times of tight public budgets and more competitive conditions. The recent results of a nation-wide postal survey show a slowing down of the Third Sector «job machine». However, connecting her empirical results with a thorough analysis of the legal and political conditions for nonprofit organizations (NPOs), the author points out that new job potentials could be created – provided that specific reforms are undertaken. The outlined policy proposals aim at a greater autonomy of NPOs and a modernized relationship to the state. Beyond drawing a detailed picture of the German Third Sector, the book stimulates the debate on the future role of nonprofit organizations in modern society.
Contents: Theoretical and Empirical Framework of Third Sector Research – Review of the Third Sector’s Legal Basis – The Survey Results on German NPOs – Employment Potential of the Third Sector – Key Factors, Prospects, Policy Proposals – Impact of Policies on National Public Expenditure.