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The History of German Lutheran Congregations in England, 1900-1950


Friedeborg Müller

Between 1900 and 1950, the development of German congregations in England was characterised by sudden unprecedented changes. Growth was followed by decline, marginalisation by expansion. The situation during and after World War I contrasted sharply with that during and after World War II. Being drawn into the German Church struggle German congregations in England experienced the conflict between nationalistic and ecumenical attitudes. They were challenged in particular by Bonhoeffer's theological stance and became a meeting-place for different cultural, political and spiritual traditions. World War II saw a new emphasis on the ministry among German-speaking refugees, as well as among civilian internees and military prisoners.
Contents: German Congregations before 1914 - The Significance of World War I - The Impact of the Church Struggle and of National Socialism - D. Bonhoeffer in London - 'Non-Aryan' Christians and Refugee Pastors from Germany - H. Ehrenberg and the German Confessional Institute - Christian Endeavour for Reconciliation during and after World War II.