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Effects of the Text Structure-Based Reading Strategy on the Comprehension of EFL Classroom Text

An Empirical Investigation of the Effectiveness of Schemata-Based Reading Instruction for the Students of English as a Foreign Language


Jung-Hee An

This study examined the effects of instruction focusing on text structures on EFL students' comprehension for expository prose. Two classes of twelfth grade students in a Korean high school participated in this study. One of the classes was assigned to the experimental condition, in which a reading strategy based on text structure was taught, and the other to the control condition, in which a conventional reading lesson was given. To assess the instructional effect a pretest-posttest design was employed. The results of this study indicated that teaching text structures markedly improved the Korean students' reading comprehension of expository texts.
Contents: Problems of reading English as a foreign language - Reading strategies - Schema theory - Content schemata - Structural schemata - Story schemata - Top-Level-Structure.