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Induced Innovation and Productivity-Enhancing, Resource-Conserving Technologies in Central America

The Supply of Soil Conservation Practices and Small-Scale Farmers’ Adoption in Guatemala and El Salvador

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Monika Zurek

Soil erosion is one of the main problems threatening agricultural productivity and small-scale farmers’ livelihoods in Central America. Based on two case studies from Guatemala and El Salvador, the adoption of soil conservation techniques by small-scale farmers and the supply of these technologies to farmers are investigated. The Induced Innovation Theory and Logit as well as Structural Equation Models with Latent Variables are utilized to explore farmers’ decisions with regard to these environmental innovations. Results demonstrate that technologies that combine productivity enhancing with resource conserving characteristics offer a solution to the overall low adoption of conservation practices observed in the region.
Contents: Soil Conservation in Central America - Main Causes and Promoted Solution – Environmental Innovation and Technical Change – Mucuna Adoption by Farmers in the Polochic Valley (Guatemala) – Origin and Use of Soil Conservation Techniques in the County of Nueva Conceptión (El Salvador).