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Where Top-down, Where Bottom-up?

Selected Issues for Regional Strategies in the European Union

Silke Tönshoff and Andreas Weida

The necessity for regional policy-makers to find a balance between shaping and adapting to structural change is well-known. But to what extent does this apply to a European strategy with a «soft» governance process relying largely on benchmarking and peer pressure – the Lisbon Strategy for Growth and Jobs? Paradigms for an increase of competitiveness – also regional competitiveness – spelled out so often and vigorously lose their degree of assertiveness, when turning to economic theory for their foundations. The authors – economists and political scientists with practical experience in EU institutions – deal in their contributions with different issues relevant for decision-makers in modern regional policy. By doing so, it is possible to challenge the seemingly established consensus on what is feasible in the EU and what is not.
Contents: Marjorie Jouen: Endogenous Local Development versus Foreign Direct Investment Strategies: Are there alternative regional options in EU 27? – Andreas Weida: The Lisbon Strategy after its 2005 re-launch - Difficulties for regional economic concepts – Silke Tönshoff: Horizon 2010: Local and Regional authorities in the strategy for Jobs and Growth – Bernard Chane-Kune: Decentralisation, decentralized cooperation and economic development – Andreas Weida: Concepts of a local business tax - an overview of criteria and arguments.