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Metaphor and Cognition


Zdzislaw Wasik and Tomasz Komendzinski

The papers in this volume discuss pivotal issues pertaining to the linguistic approaches to metaphors from theoretical and applied points of view. Some contributions utilize the framework of cognitive linguists to validate their descriptive models, showing that the figurative language is present in the everyday lives of people. Some present the opinion that metaphors may be useful for educational purposes explaining the nature of directly inapproachable objects. There are, however, studies that provide evidence for the reverse processes where the formation of conceptual metaphors reflects personal experiences stipulated by education. Metaphors also used to be studied as persuasive tools which take part in the creative molding of political identities. Furthermore, there are experimental studies in which the figurative thought model is revised by doubting whether conceptual metaphors indeed become automatically activated in the course of processing figurative language, or which suggest that the frequency count of literal senses of dictionary words may serve as a guide for labeling the source domains of conceptual metaphors in the processing of linguistic expression.
Contents: Aleksander Szwedek: Ontological sources of structural and orientational metaphors – Bogusław Bierwiaczonek: On metaphors that lead astray – Roman Kalisz: Metaphors, blends and predicate-argument structure – Olga Sokołowska: Metaphor and the schematicity of concepts – Iwona Nowakowska-Kempna: Towards an action-oriented theory of metaphor – Waldemar Skrzypczak: Metaphor as a dynamic asymmetry (a poster presentation) – Danuta Stanulewicz: On some metalinguistic metaphors from a cognitive perspective – Elżbieta Wąsik: On the use and cognitive value of metaphors in the sociology of language – Zdzisław Wąsik: Metaphors of form and substance in the academic discourse on language – Anna Cieślicka: Are conceptual metaphors activated on-line during the processing of figurative expressions? – Ariadna Strugielska/Teresa Siek-Piskozub: Conceptual metaphors as a reflection of personal experience in education – Camelia Cmeciu/Zdzisław Wąsik: Metaphors as a semiotic means in the molding of political identities – Małgorzata Fabiszak: Corpus frequency as a guide to metaphor labeling.