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Rethinking Postmodern Subjectivity

Emmanuel Levinas and the Ethics of Referentiality in the Work of Donald Barthelme

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Zuzanna Ladyga

What is postmodern literary subjectivity? How to talk about it without falling in the trap of negative hyper-essentialism or being seduced by exuberant lit speak? One way out of this dilemma, as this book suggests, is via a redefinition of the concept in the context of Emmanuel Levinas and his radical ethics. By defining subjectivity as an ethically charged act of language, Levinas provides a fresh perspective on the often trivialized aspects of postmodern poetics such as referentiality and affect construction strategies. The foregrounding of the ethical dimension of those poetic elements has far-reaching consequences for how we read postmodern texts and understand postmodernism in general. Thus, to prove the benefits of the Levinasian approach, the author applies it to the work of the canonical American postmodernist, Donald Barthelme, and explains the distinctly ethical character of his apparently surfictional experiments.
Contents: Levinas’s Ethics as an Interpretative Method: Levinas vs. Lacan, Deleuze, and Winnicott – Levinasian «il y a» and the logic of postmodern collage in Donald Barthelme’s Snow White (1967) – The ethics of «fatigue» and «indolence» and the postmodern poetics of exhaustion – Levinas’s concept of ipseity and murder and Donald Barthelme’s The Dead Father (1975) – Postmodern mimesis and ethical expression in Barthelme’s Paradise (1985) – Ethics and politics in Barthelme’s The King (1990).