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When Lucifer Cometh

The Autobiographical Discourse of Writers and Intellectuals Exiled During the Third Reich

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Richard Critchfield

As early as 1933, exiled writers and intellectuals from Nazi Germany began to write their autobiographies, memoirs and other autobiographical texts, signaling a new and prolific period of this genre. This study examines their self-representations and self-definitions which extend from the presentation of the self as religious convert and political crusader, as hero and martyr, and as victim and the «Other». The texts not only reflect the renewal of traditional autobiographical narrative, but they also present innovations to the genre of autobiography.