The physical and emotional protection of American children during World War II challenged parents, child experts, and educators. The results of their responses to these challenges changed child rearing and education significantly. The vast army of 6- to 13-year-olds had critical social impact. These volunteers pulled wagon-loads of scrap, bought war bonds, planted victory gardens, and played war. Their experiences, along with constant anti-Axis propaganda, helped define them as a unique generation. Labeled the «silent» generation, they remain proud of their patriotism, loyalty, and team spirit. Beyond defining this generation, this work adds essential material to the study of the World War II home front.