While many Asian countries were colonized by western Christian countries during the nineteenth century Korea was exploited and colonized by Japan. During this time, Korea fought hard to bring about her independence. Protestant leaders and missionaries contributed much to help form modern Korean nationalism through their evangelical works. Thus Christianity in Korea was identified with the national consciousness during Japanese occupation. This book discusses how Protestantism stimulated and encouraged the people to form their nationalism through two eminent Protestant leaders, Rev. Horace G. Underwood, the first Presbyterian missionary to Korea and Rev. Sun Chu Kil, the first native minister in Korea.