This study explores the claim that Bertha von Suttner's anti-war novel
Die Waffen nieder¿ was the
«Uncle Tom's Cabin of the peace movement,» which originated in a comment from a letter to Suttner from Leo Tolstoy. The two novels are compared on the basis of Tolstoy's theory of art, with focus on the didactic purpose and moral message of each novel. While
Uncle Tom's Cabin is a work of moral suasion with an unabashed appeal to feeling, the analysis of militarism in
Die Waffen nieder¿ differs in scope and form and in its self-conscious use of sentimentality as a convention, even as its critique of social and political institutions is equally substantial.