This study traces the development in Proust's portrayal of his narrator, major protagonist, and narratee from his early abandoned novel
Jean Santeuil to
A la recherche. It adopts a thematic approach and examines many of the published drafts from Proust's
Cahiers, as well as the implications of some of the expansions he made to
A la recherche in the later years of writing his novel. Focusing on the author's change from third-person narration in
Jean Santeuil to first-person narration in
A la recherche, the study gives new insights into Proust's compositional methods and sheds light on how his attitude toward his narrator, protagonist, and narratee evolved throughout his career as a writer.