Some seventy thousand or more refugees from National Socialism came to Britain from Germany, Austria, and Czechoslovakia and engaged in a wide range of cultural and political activities. Professor Ritchie reveals the extraordinary vitality of these exile activities. Professor Ritchie has published widely on Expressionism and the Weimar Republic, hence studies of the exile experience of artists and writers from this period figure prominently in this collection of his essays. Other focuses of this work are: women in exile in Britain; poets; dramatists; and writers of prose. The concluding essays expand the scope even further to include more recent European exiles.