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Culture at Twilight

The National German-American Alliance, 1901-1918


Charles Thomas Johnson

From its founding in 1901 to its demise in 1918, the National German-American Alliance sought to preserve and promote aspects of German culture in America. As the organization grew in size and scope, it increasingly found itself drawn into some of the more controversial political, social, and diplomatic issues of the times. This study is the first to chronicle the seventeen-year history of the organization. It also examines how the Alliance's efforts serve as an example of the many problems faced by an ethnic organization seeking to preserve its cultural identity in the volatile environment that can be American democracy.