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Shakespeare's Theories of Blood, Character, and Class

A "Festschrift</I> in Honor of David Shelley Berkeley


Peter C. Rollins and Alan Smith

Shakespeare’s Theories of Blood, Character, and Class is a collection of essays that explores the works of Shakespeare by applying David Shelley Berkeley’s approach to them as literary manifestations of Elizabethan political, scientific, and social thought. Elizabethan scientific and medical principles held that, from conception, human beings were endowed with either hot or cold blood; as a result, the moral nature of individual human beings was considered as much a matter of physiology and eugenics (nature) as of moral instruction (nurture). With the best blood preserved among the aristocracy by selective breeding and by the consumption of the best food and drink and with the worst blood sustained among the lower classes by base parentage and by the enforced consumption of inferior sustenance, the Elizabethan citizenry – like Shakespeare’s characters – found itself rigidly stratified into social classes reflective of the widely varying quality of its blood. Shakespeare’s Theories of Blood, Character, and Class enhances the many current readings of Shakespeare on the basis of humors psychology by illuminating a neglected component of Elizabethan thought that is essential to a full understanding of Shakespeare and his times.
Contents: Peter C. Rollins: Preface – Alan Smith: David Shelley Berkeley, Christian Scholar – David S. Berkeley: Shakespeare’s Severall Degrees in Bloud – Alan Smith: Of Lively Grapes and Windy Hops: Blood and Drink in Renaissance English Literature – Kenneth J. Tiller: The Fool as Physician in Shakespeare’s Plays – Dilin Liu/Anumarla Govindan: From Rosalynde to As You Like It: Shakespeare’s Celebration of Blood Order – Dennis F. Bormann: «Thou Art a Villain»: From the Ensign to Iago - Blood Changes in Othello – Kurt Hochenauer: The Art of Class Delineation: The Aesthetic Disparity Between The Shrew and A Shrew – Byung-Eun Lee: Shakespeare’s Villeinizing of Jack Cade – Randy Phillis: The Stained Blood of Rape: Elizabethan Medical Thought and Shakespeare’s Lucrece – Myung-soo Hur: «Vengeance Rot You All!» Blood-Oriented Revengers in Titus Andronicus – John W. Crawford: Secondary Wisdom: The Role of Women as Mentors in Shakespeare’s Plays – Shirley Marney: Some Aspects of Shylock’s Jewish Nature – Esther M. Gloe: The Work Laws, Prosperity, and The Tempest – David S. Berkeley: Claudius, the Villein King of Denmark.