The resolution of the Sudanese conflict, one of the longest and deadliest civil wars in Africa, continues to perplex human imagination. Leadership, as a necessary factor in nation-building, has not met the expectations of the Sudanese people. These expectations include the quest for political stability, national security, and a peaceful government that is capable of leading the nation to economic prosperity. From 1969 to 1985, Jaafar el Nimeiry dominated historical, political, social, and economic factors whose interplay led to the resumption of the civil war in 1983. This book greatly contributes to national and international understanding of conflicts related to nation-building processes. The voiceless, downtrodden, and the powerful have all expressed their views about the conflict.