Social democracy experienced a dramatic growth in the four decades prior to World War I. In this period, the era of the Second International, orthodox Marxism was the official ideology for most social democratic and labour parties. As these parties sought effective parliamentary representation, increasing tension developed between social democratic theory and practice. One of the greatest expressions of the contradiction between theory and practice was the social democratic approach to the peasantry and the rural sector in general. The eighteen contributions to this volume examine the attitudes of social democratic parties in Australia and Europe towards the peasantry and the agrarian issue. The contributors show how these attitudes varied greatly among the different countries, depending on the socioeconomic and political structure, the role of radical populism and the situation within the social democratic party in the countries in question.
Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt/M., New York, Oxford, Wien, 2002. 451 pp., 1 ill., num. tables
Contents: Raymond Markey: Social Democracy and the Agrarian Issue, 1870-1914: Introduction – Marcel van der Linden: Social
Democracy and the Agrarian Issue, 1870-1914: The Broad Themes – Leo van Rossum: The Second International and Social Democratic
Activity among the Agrarian Population, 1889-1914: An Exploration – Luis Enrique Alonso: Agrarianism, Populism and the International
Division of Labour – Richard J. Walter: Social Democracy and the Agrarian Issue: Argentina, 1870-1914 – Raymond Markey: Social
Democracy and the Agrarian Issue: Australia, 1870-1914 – Guy Vanschoenbeek: The Worker’s Party against the Farmers’ League:
Social Democracy and Peasantry in Belgium, 1893-1914 – Johan Frieswijk: Dutch Social Democracy and the «Agrarian Question»,
1880-1914 – Birger Simonson: Social Democracy and the Peasants in Sweden before World War I – Knud Knudsen: Social Democracy
and the Agrarian Question in Denmark, 1870-1914 – Maurizio Degl’Innocenti: Rural Areas and Socialism in Italy Between 1800
and 1900 – Santiago Castillo: The Long Road to an Agrarian Programme: Spanish Socialism and the Agrarian Question, 1888-1918
– Zdeněk Kárnik/Jan Měchýř: Social Democracy and Village Dwellers in Bohemia, 1870-1914 – Keith Hitchins: Social Democracy
and the Peasantry in Rumania, 1870-1914 – Antoaneta Tcholakova: Bulgarian Social Democracy and the Peasantry, 1870-1914 –
Mira Bogdanović: Serbian Social Democracy and the Peasantry, 1903-1914 – Jasna Fischer/Franc Rozman: Social Democracy and
the Peasantry on Slovene Territory between 1870 and 1914 – Birger Simonson: Social Democracy and Agriculture: Some Conclusions.