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The Impact of the CEFR on Language Examinations in Local Contexts


Jana Bérešová

This book presents an overview of communicative language teaching and testing in Central and Eastern European countries. It focuses on the impact of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, teaching, assessment (CEFR) and its model of language use. The author provides a user-friendly introduction to the process of linking local language examinations to the common reference levels of language proficiency in order to encourage local examination providers to assure quality in high-stakes testing. In response to different approaches in language examination development, the book includes some practical samples as well as practical advice on how to improve the effectiveness of the examinations developed and implemented in local contexts.

Fundamental issues related to communicative language testing – Social consequences of high-stakes testing – The impact of the CEFR on language testing – Five interrelated sets of procedures of the linking process – English leaving-examinations in local contexts – Four communicative language skills – Language in use – Item-writing