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Détente and Beyond

Anglo-Romanian Relations in the Aviation Industry (1966-1993)

Series:

Mauro Elli

By the mid-1960s, the whole European aviation industry had begun looking at two main solutions in order to survive competition from the USA: European cooperation, and exports to markets still closed to the Americans. Against this background, Anglo-Romanian dealings in the aviation industry over a period of almost thirty years are a case of converging politico-military interests with major interpretative potential. This holds true for the history of East-West relations and infra-Western commercial competition, but also for the transformation of domestic decision-making patterns and the change in economic priorities. While Britain became Romania’s first commercial partner in order to offer a new outlet to the aviation industry, Bucharest was looking at the U.K. to pursue a strategy of industrial modernisation and political visibility. The story of their intersection sheds light on the lower-level reality of Détente in Europe. The degree of collaboration across the Iron Curtain was not just the product of a generally improved diplomatic atmosphere, but – at least in the present case – the result of a peculiar mixture of political ambition, economic viability, and technological expertise. Indeed, the change of economic paradigm in the UK (from Neo-Keynesianism to monetarist Neo-Liberalism), along with President Ceauşescu’s fixation with foreign debt, played a crucial role in the vicissitudes of Anglo-Romanian relations in the aviation industry in the period between the demise of Détente and the end of the Cold War. This points to a reasonably articulated model, which is hinged on the category of ‘transfer’, rather than on the category of ‘cooperation’.

BIC Classifications

  • Humanities (H)
    • History (HB)
      • History: specific events & topics (HBT)
        • Industrialisation & industrial history (HBTK)
      • Military history (HBW)
  • Technology, engineering, agriculture (T)
    • Transport technology & trades (TR)
      • Aerospace & aviation technology (TRP)

BISAC Classifications

  • Business & Economics (BUS)
    • BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economic History (BUS023000)
  • History (HIS)
    • HISTORY / Europe / Eastern (HIS010010)

THEMA Classifications

  • History & Archaeology (N)
    • History (NH)
      • European history (NHD)
      • History: specific events & topics (NHT)
        • Industrialisation & industrial history (NHTK)
      • Military history (NHW)
        • Modern warfare (NHWL)
  • Technology, Engineering, Agriculture (T)
    • Transport technology & trades (TR)
      • Aerospace & aviation technology (TRP)