This volume investigates the development of welfare structures in the peripheral states of Europe. Focusing on Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Finland, The Netherlands, Denmark and Norway, it seeks to establish what the welfare systems shared in common with each other and where, individually and collectively, the experiences of these states differed from the established generalisations about European welfare structures.
The various contributors to the volume discuss policies such as unemployment and sickness insurance, pensions, child benefits and the principles of contributory and non-contributory schemes. The chapters show that there was a shared discussion of the basis of the rights and the status of the poor. Shared debates and discourses, however, do not testify to shared motivations, common political processes or common outcomes.
The book explores the way in which individual personality, the historical accumulation of welfare thinking, ideology on state intervention, religion, economics and national character all worked to shape the development of legislation that was to underpin the development of twentieth-century welfare states.
Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien, 2007. 267 pp.
Contents: Steven King/John Stewart: Welfare Peripheries in Modern Europe – Chris Nottingham/Piet de Rooy: The Peculiarities
of the Dutch: Social Security in the Netherlands – Virginia Crossmann: Welfare and Nationality: The Poor Laws in Nineteenth-Century
Ireland – Åsmund Arup Seip: Poor Relief and Welfare Legislation in Norway, 1814-1920 – Andreas Gestrich/John Stewart: Unemployment
and Poor Relief in the West of Scotland, 1870-1900 – Jørn Henrik Petersen/Klaus Petersen: Shake, Rattle and Roll! From Charity
to Social Rights in the Danish Welfare State 1890-1933 – Neil Evans: Urbanisation and Social Welfare in Wales, Scotland and
Ireland – Pirjo Markkola: Changing Patterns of Welfare: Finland in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.