This book brings together authors working on some of the most significant poverty and welfare research projects on the European stage. The contributions focus broadly on the experience of being poor in England, Scotland, Ireland and Germany between 1800 and the 1940s, a theme that has received inadequate attention in the European historiography thus far. The chapters are organised into three thematic sections. The first deals with the experience of being poor: networks, migration and survival strategies; the second with confinement, discipline, surveillance and classification: paths to the welfare state; and the third with the symbolism of poverty.
Oxford, Bern, Berlin, Bruxelles, Frankfurt am Main, New York, Wien, 2006. 540 pp.
Contents: Andreas Gestrich/Steven King/Lutz Raphael: The experience of being poor in nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century
Europe – Richard Dyson: Who were the poor of Oxford in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries? – Margaret Hanly:
Being poor in nineteenth-century Lancashire – Thomas Sokoll: Writing for relief: Rhetoric in English pauper letters, 1800-1834
– Michèle Gordon/Jens Gründler: Migration, survival strategies and networks of Irish paupers in Glasgow, 1850-1900 – Elizabeth
Hurren: The business of anatomy and being poor: Why have we failed to learn the medical and poverty lessons of the past? –
Pete King: Destitution, desperation and delinquency in early-nineteenth-century London: Female petitions to the Refuge for
the Destitute – Ina Scherder: Galway workhouses in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Function and strategy – Inga Brandes:
‘Odious, degrading and foreign’ institutions? Analysing Irish workhouses in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries – Virginia
Crossman: The humanization of the Irish Poor Laws: Reassessing developments in social welfare in post-Famine Ireland – James
Smyth: ‘Seems decent’: Respectability and poor relief in Glasgow, c. 1861-1911 – Beate Althammer: Functions and developments
of the Arbeitshaus in Germany: Brauweiler workhouse in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries – Katrin Marx:
From ‘old’ poor relief (Armenpflege) to ‘new’ welfare (Wohlfahrtspflege). Development of ‘family care’ in rural
Germany – Jürgen Harder: German reformatories in the Weimar Republic: A view from inside – Kristina Matron: Big-city youth
and psychological health: Municipal youth welfare in Frankfurt am Main during the Weimar Republic – Steven King: The clothing
of the poor: A matter of pride or of shame? – Matthias Reiss: The image of the poor and the unemployed: The example of Punch,
1841-1939 – Andreas Gestrich: Depicting the ‘moral dregs of our great population’: An 1890 illustrated newspaper series
on ‘The Homes of the Glasgow Poor’ – Martin Krieger: Walking stick and begging permit: Perceptions of rural poverty in photography
from Germany between 1916 and 1936 – Ludwig Maria Vogl-Bienek: ‘From life’: The use of the magic lantern in nineteenth-century
social work – Gerhild Krebs: Poverty and crime in silent fiction films.