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Vulgata-Studies Vol. I

Beiträge zum I. Vulgata-Kongress des Vulgata Vereins Chur in Bukarest (2013)

Series:

Andreas Beriger, Stefan Maria Bolli, Widu-Wolfgang Ehlers, Michael Fieger and Wilhelm Tauwinkl

Der Vulgata Verein Chur, organisierte im November 2013 den ersten Vulgata-Kongress. Dabei wurden philologische Erkenntnisse aus der Übersetzung der Vulgata ins Deutsche und Rumänische zusammengetragen, theologische und andere Hintergründe um die Vulgata und Hieronymus vertieft. Der Austausch ermöglichte eine bessere Arbeit an den lateinischen Texten der Vulgata.
Die vorliegenden Beiträge sind eine Zusammenschau der Vorträge und Workshops in Bukarest.
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Dominus contulit splendorem (Idt 10,4) Das Motiv der Schönheit im Buch Iudith: Von Lydia Hilt

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Dominus contulit splendorem (Idt 10,4)

Das Motiv der Schönheit im Buch Iudith

VON LYDIA HILT

Abstract

The use of the motif of beauty in the Vulgate on the one hand and in LXX/HS 151 on the other hand reveals a conspicuous difference. While Judith just makes herself beautiful (Jdt 10,2–4 LXX / Hs 151) and her original God-given beauty is a precondition (Jdt 8,7), in the Vulgate it is God who gives her beauty. So beauty is not an inherent part of Iudith’s characterization anymore, to be seen in line with integrity and blessing by God as it was the case for the LXX and Hs 151. In the Vulgate beauty loses its significance, because Iudith is only given beauty in order to awake the hostile general Holofernis’ desire, so that he will fall. While Holofernis is going to succumb to his evil desire, Iudith sets herself morally apart because of the contrary, her chastity, and because of that she is not initially characterized as beautiful, but as decent (elegans, Jdt 8,7). In Idt 10,4 virtue rather than desire is assigned to her. Because of her chaste way of life God predestines Iudith for the salvation, and this is what he makes her beautiful for. Therefore chastity is a central and specific virtue in the Iudith story in Vg. Iudith represents everything that Jerome describes as a Godfearing life, and therefore she is rewarded by...

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