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Flucht, Migration und Integration Flight, Migration and Integration

Eine Anfrage an die christliche Theologie und Diakonie A Question for Christian Theology and Social Engagement


Edited By Matthias Heesch, Russell Kleckley and Hans Schwarz

Das Buch legt theologische Deutungen der Thematik Flucht, Migration und Integration, ausgehend von verschiedenen kulturellen und sozialen Kontexten, vor. Viele der Beiträgerinnen und Beiträger sind an Orten tätig, in denen dieser Themenkomplex ähnlich bedeutend ist, wie in Westeuropa. Sie besprechen Flucht, Migration und Integration als Fragen an die christliche Theologie und Diakonie. Ihre individuellen Antworten und Sichtweisen bereichern die kritische Debatte über diese aktuellen Herausforderungen.

This book presents theological approaches to the subject flight, migration and integration from various cultural and social contexts. Many of the contributors are active in places where the issue of flight, migration and integration is similarly significant as it is in Western Europe. They discuss flight, migration and integration as questions for Christian theology and diaconia. Their individual responses and views illuminate and inform the critical discussion for the challenges facing today’s world.

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The Theological Significance of ,Intersubjectivity‘ in Korean Society

The Theological Significance of ,Intersubjectivity‘ in Korean Society


←196 | 197→Ho-Koang Jang

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the problem which stains Korean society with ,Gapjil‘ and to find the solution through ,intersubjectivity‘ as it appears in Calvin’s theology.

Today, Korean society is abuzz over the ,Gapjil‘ (power harassment) problem. Newspapers and other media are pouring out articles on incidents every day. The word ,Gapjil‘ is a word derived from the contractual relationship of Korean society. Generally, in a contractual relationship, a person who gives money is called ,Gap‘ and a person who receives money is called ,Eul‘. For example, the relationship between large corporations and subcontractors, bosses and employees can be regarded as in a relationship between ,gap‘ and ,eul‘. A ,gap‘ and ,eul‘ relationship is a relationship by choice, but ,eul‘ in many cases is a relative abbreviation. ,Gapjil‘ is a term used to describe such powerful acts of ,gap‘ as they use their opponents and their own positions. Assault cases in the army, violent language against the security guards of apartment buildings, school bullying, abuse in the workplace, crimes against the disabled and the elderly, and nonsensical tyranny against irregular workers are all examples of this due to their mediation through status, power, and wealth. It is another form of Gapjil.

In the context of this distorted Korean society, this paper first examines the cause of the Gapgil and suggests the solution to the problem of intersubjectivity by the Reformer John Calvin (1509-1564). Of course, Calvin...

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