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Konflikt und Kooperation

Die Ostsee als Handlungs- und Kulturraum

Edited By Martin Göllnitz, Nils Abraham, Thomas Wegener Friis and Helmut Müller-Enbergs

Seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges und der Erweiterung der Europäischen Union gerät der Ostseeraum als historische Einheit immer stärker in das Blickfeld von Wissenschaft und Öffentlichkeit. Eine intensive Beschäftigung mit dieser Region macht jedoch recht rasch deutlich, dass nicht nur die „eine Ostsee" existiert, sondern viele Ostseeräume, die in erster Linie durch Kooperationen und Konflikte, Handel und kulturelle Beziehungen sowie den daran beteiligten Protagonisten initialisiert und konstruiert werden.

In dem vorliegenden Band analysieren 23 ExpertInnen aus fünf Ostseeländern und Israel die durchaus unterschiedlichen Raumkonstruktionen und Verflechtungen innerhalb der Ostseeregion, die als ein spannungs- und konfliktreicher Handlungs- und Kulturraum verstanden wird.

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Karlskrona – a naval city in the balance 1996–2004 (Andreas Linderoth)

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Andreas Linderoth

Karlskrona – a naval city in the balance 1996–2004

Naval cities are a historical phenomenon that mainly has been of interest to historians researching the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. They have been trying to find out why naval cities were founded and to study their early development.1 Naval cities still exist today and are of importance not only to the navies stationed there but also to the inhabitants. The city of Karlskrona which was founded in 1680 is a fine example of a traditional naval city. In the late 1990s, the city’s status as a naval base was threatened. Due to the end of the Cold War the Swedish armed forces were drastically reduced. There was an evident risk that all naval activity which had been an integral part of life in Karlskrona for more than 300 years, would come to an end. For historians, this is an interesting period because times of major change make significant features which previously have been hidden more visible and thus easier to analyze. What importance had the navy’s presence to Karlskrona? What were the local reactions to the risk that the navy would have to leave Karlskrona? The subject is analyzed from a more ideational perspective. The particular interest is not the possible economic effects to the city such as the risk of greater unemployment and a weakened tax basis. Instead the question is what the significance of the naval city status...

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