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Il discorso sulle migrazioni / Der Migrationsdiskurs

Approcci linguistici, comparativi e interdisciplinari / Sprachwissenschaftliche, vergleichende und interdisziplinäre Perspektiven

Edited By Daniela Pietrini

Sempre presenti nella storia dell’umanità, le migrazioni sono divenute negli ultimi anni un tema centrale della politica e della cultura europee. Attraverso i contributi di studiosi di paesi e discipline differenti, il volume indaga su come sia costruita linguisticamente la recente discussione pubblica sulla migrazione, analizzando il lessico, l’argomentazione, il discorso sui migranti nella politica e nella legislazione, nei giornali, nei social media, nel cinema. Il focus è sulla situazione italiana e tedesca, ma vi sono anche studi su altri paesi (Francia, Regno Unito, Romania, Spagna) e ricerche comparative.       

Seit jeher sind Migrationsbewegungen Teil der Menschheitsgeschichte. Doch erst in den letzten Jahren sind sie ein zentrales Thema der europäischen Kultur und Politik geworden. Mit Beiträgen von Wissenschaftlern unterschiedlicher Provenienz und Fachrichtung geht der vorliegende Band der Frage nach, wie die neueste öffentliche Diskussion über die Migration sprachlich konstruiert wird. Untersucht werden dafür der Wortschatz, die Argumentation und der Diskurs über die Migranten in Politik und Gesetzgebung sowie in der Presse, in den Social media und im Film. Im Zentrum stehen Italien und Deutschland, doch es gibt auch Studien zu anderen Ländern (Frankreich, Großbritannien, Rumänien, Spanien) und vergleichende Forschung.

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Il discorso sulle migrazioni nei media italiani: approcci quantitativi, qualitativi e multimodali (Paolo Orrù)

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Paolo Orrù

Il discorso sulle migrazioni nei media italiani: approcci quantitativi, qualitativi e multimodali

The discourse on migration in the Italian media: quantitative and qualitative methods in a multimodal perspective

Abstract:

Since the early nineties of the last century, Italy has become an attractive destination for thousands of foreign citizens. Media discourse, and above all the journalistic one, developed narrative trends that have remained constant over the next two decades. There were two themes mainly dealt with in the representation of migrants: arrivals through the Mediterranean and the crime-immigration nexus.

Though the European field of language studies has shown a discreet vivacity, the Italian studies on the media depictions of racism and immigration were carried out for a long time by sociologists, anthropologists and, obviously, media analysts; the contributions of linguists were decidedly fewer.

The contribution aims, therefore, to offer an overview of qualitative and quantitative methods for the analysis of the discourse on migration, with particular reference to two study traditions: critical discourse analysis and corpus assisted discourse studies. Among the various branches of the first, we will mainly use the discourse-historical approach by Reisigl and Wodak, which focuses on four levels of analysis: referential, predicational, rhetorical and argumentative strategies, while integrating the linguistic investigation with historical and contextual knowledge. The latter, instead, aims at a fruitful integration of the tools of automatic and quantitative analysis elaborated by corpus linguistics, with particular reference to the techniques of...

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