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Il discorso sulle migrazioni / Der Migrationsdiskurs

Approcci linguistici, comparativi e interdisciplinari / Sprachwissenschaftliche, vergleichende und interdisziplinäre Perspektiven

Edited By Daniela Pietrini

Sempre presenti nella storia dell’umanità, le migrazioni sono divenute negli ultimi anni un tema centrale della politica e della cultura europee. Attraverso i contributi di studiosi di paesi e discipline differenti, il volume indaga su come sia costruita linguisticamente la recente discussione pubblica sulla migrazione, analizzando il lessico, l’argomentazione, il discorso sui migranti nella politica e nella legislazione, nei giornali, nei social media, nel cinema. Il focus è sulla situazione italiana e tedesca, ma vi sono anche studi su altri paesi (Francia, Regno Unito, Romania, Spagna) e ricerche comparative.       

Seit jeher sind Migrationsbewegungen Teil der Menschheitsgeschichte. Doch erst in den letzten Jahren sind sie ein zentrales Thema der europäischen Kultur und Politik geworden. Mit Beiträgen von Wissenschaftlern unterschiedlicher Provenienz und Fachrichtung geht der vorliegende Band der Frage nach, wie die neueste öffentliche Diskussion über die Migration sprachlich konstruiert wird. Untersucht werden dafür der Wortschatz, die Argumentation und der Diskurs über die Migranten in Politik und Gesetzgebung sowie in der Presse, in den Social media und im Film. Im Zentrum stehen Italien und Deutschland, doch es gibt auch Studien zu anderen Ländern (Frankreich, Großbritannien, Rumänien, Spanien) und vergleichende Forschung.

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Sicurezza, migranti e porti chiusi nei titoli della stampa quotidiana italiana online (19 maggio-28 luglio 2019) (Raffaella Setti)

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Raffaella Setti

Sicurezza, migranti e porti chiusi nei titoli della stampa quotidiana italiana online (19 maggio-28 luglio 2019)

Security, migrants and closed harbors in the headlines of the Italian newspapers

Abstract: In the Italian debate (and even abroad) the communication pieces concerning migration have been increasingly pervaded by keywords and expressions with overtly violent and divisive tones. From the refoulements, presented ten years ago as a “natural” barrier against the arrival of migrants, we are now facing the delivery of the order to close the harbors with the justification of guaranteeing security against an alleged invasion of migrants, depicted more and more as invaders, “enemies” (at least viewed as direct competitors to Italians, for example in the job market or in the assignment of public houses) and “criminals”.

My contribution intends to give an account, in quantitative and qualitative terms, of the use of these words in the headlines of the main Italian newspapers over a period of 10 weeks (from May 19th 2019 to July 28th 2019); data will be collected through the www.rassegnastampaquotidiani.com portal and will concern, in addition to the frequency of the single occurrences, the analysis of the lexical collocations and the more likely association of ideas and images with the chosen words, therefore contributing to build stereotypes and prejudices among the public opinion.

Keywords: security, migrants, Italian newspapers, headlines.

1. Introduzione

Nella comunicazione relativa alle questioni migratorie, a partire dal 2019...

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