Eine völkerrechtliche Bewertung
J. English Summary 217
J. English Summary Private military and security companies are new powerful non-state actors in to- day’s armed conflicts. While the employees of private military companies take part in hostilities, those of private security companies mainly provide peaceful services. However, since the employees of private security companies use at least defensive force, they can come into conflict with international law. As a rule, most of these employees are not condemned by international law, because in contrast to the clas- sic private fighters of the middle age, they don’t have the status of mercenaries. The majority of them are not combatants under humanitarian law either, as they are no members of the state armed forces (both in a narrower or in a wider sense). Mostly they do not meet all requirements of combatant status. In particular only few em- ployees of private (military) companies belong to a conflicting party and distinguish themselves from the civilian population. As a result, the majority of the employees of private military and security companies have the status of civilians in the sense of article 50 Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions, who principally shall not be the object of attack. At the same time, humanitarian law does not give civil- ians the right to participate directly in hostilities. If they do participate, however, they do not enjoy this civilian protection for such time as they actively take part in hostilities. By participating in armed conflicts the employees of private military and secu- rity companies or...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.