Entwicklung und Beschreibung der deutschen Sprachinseln am Anfang des 21. Jahrhunderts- The Developmental Stages and the Description of German Language Islands at the Beginning of the 21 st Century
This collection of papers contains contributions to the language island section of the First International Conference of the International Society for German Dialectology (IGDD), which took place in Marburg an der Lahn, Germany in March 2003. In addition, further contributions are included on research done in language island regions of the world. The focus of the essays is the socio-linguistic, dialectological and contact-linguistic survey of the development of German language islands across the world as registered at the beginning of the 21
Deutsch in Kansas, 1854-2004: Deutschsprachige Gruppensiedlungen und die Entwicklung von deutschen Sprachinseln im Herzland Amerikas
William D. Keel (Lawrence, Kansas) Nearly 40 percent of Kansans claim German ancestry according to the 1990 United States census. This figure may not include those who claimed Pennsylvania German, Russian Ger- man, Austrian or Swiss ancestry. Thus, the percentage of "cultural" Germans in Kansas is even larger. Kansas, one might say, benefited from being settled by European-Americans at precisely the period which saw the high-water mark of emigration from German-speaking re- gions of Europe to the New World. A large number of those immigrants who arrived in the United States between 1850 and 1890 headed to the settlement frontier and during that period the frontier was in Kansas. German immigration to the United States nearly reached one mil- lion for the decade of the 1850s and surpassed one million during the 1880s. During the 1870s and 1880s waves of emigration from German colonies in Russia and from German settlements in the eastern areas of the Austrian Empire came on top of emigration from Germany. By 1880 some 15,000 Russian Germans had settled in Kansas, for instance. Today, 150 years after the beginning of settlement in 1854, we are faced with the gradual dy- ing out of the last remnants of the German settlement dialects in Kansas. In many areas where German settlement was particularly concentrated and unified the older generations are still quite fluent in their various dialects: Volga German dialects (Deitsch) in Ellis and Russell counties; Low German (Plattdüütsch) in Missouri Synod Lutheran settlements in Marshall...
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