Konflikttypen, Abgrenzungen sowie Rechtsfolgen und deren Auswirkungen auf die Planung und Durchführung militärischer Operationen
11. Abstract International humanitarian law (IHL) is part of international law and governs relations between states in times of armed conflicts (ius in bello)1124. Interna- tional humanitarian law seeks to protect people who are not or are no longer taking part in hostilities1125 and contains rules which restrict methods and me- ans of warfare1126. Many cultures have sought to limit the suffering that war can cause. Many rules which imposed restrictions on the conduct of war, the means of warfare and their application can be traced back to ancient civilizations and religions. Wars have always been subject to certain principles and customs: they started most often with a declaration of war, the conduct of hostilities was deter- mined by specific rules and customs and the war ended with an agreement on the subsequent relationship between the parties to the conflict. However it should not be ignored that belligerents always distinguished bet- ween different types of war. This distinction had an impact on the applicable rules in the conflict and especially on the legal status of persons involved in the conflict. For example many of the rules of ancient Greek practice of war (such as the interruption of hostilities during the Olympic Games or the release of prisoners for ransom) applied only in wars between Greek city-states and were not appli- cable in wars with non-Greek states. Christianity also distinguished between external and internal wars. External wars were conflicts, where Christians fought against infidels, whereas internal wars have been fights...
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