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Energetisches Regionalisieren

Transformationspraktiken der Energiewende am Beispiel der Biogaserzeugung

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Fabian Faller

Die Energiewende ist eine der zentralen Herausforderungen unserer Gesellschaft. Die räumlichen Aspekte dieser sozio-technischen Transformation sind Gegenstand der vorliegenden Studie, die sich auf die Bioenergieerzeugung im deutsch-luxemburgischen Grenzraum konzentriert. Inspiriert von der Praktikenforschung rücken routinierte und improvisierte soziale Handlungen der Betreiber von Biogasanlagen in den Mittelpunkt. Die Untersuchungsergebnisse decken die Routinen der Biogaserzeuger auf und zeigen, wie durch energetisches Regionalisieren die räumlichen Kontexte der Energiewende hervorgebracht und verändert werden. Damit rückt der Autor erstmals Praktiken der Energieerzeugung in den Forschungsfokus und legt zugleich einen innovativen Ansatz für deren Erforschung vor.
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The so-called energy transition has been object of geographical research for more than a decade now. Regional transitions to renewable energy infrastructures are a main focus of this strand of research. The analytical unit “region” is typically understood as a subnational action space (cf. Gailing/Röhring, 2014, 7). Researchers analyse social change related to energy developments taking place in or among such regions by focussing on actors and their networks as well as their implications for the region. The energy region itself is, nonetheless, considered pre-given; its evolution or transformation has hardly been investigated. Focussing on the production of biogas in combined-heat-and-power biogas co-fermentation (CHP) plants, the thesis in hand delivers an insight into this aspect: the evolution and transformation of the energy transition‘ s regions.

Building on theories of practice, we zoom in on stabilised, routinised, and improvised social actions and actors that constitute energy regions. The main questions are: Which processes of regionalisation are initiated through the energy transition? Which implications for renewable energy developments emerge from these regionalisations? What are their implications for the energy transition? Our main focus is the evolution and diffusion of routines, and the understandings of actors and communities of practice. Additionally, inspired by the field of socio-technical transition studies, we integrate aspects such as space, scales and agency into the analytical framework. They enable us to shed light on the evolution of socio-technical systems from a spatial point of view.

As empirical case study we explore...

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