West-östliche Begegnungen in Sprache und Kultur, Literatur und Wissenschaft
Edited By Ernest W.B. Hess-Lüttich and Yoshito Takahashi
Kiyoyasu Maruis Theorie der Melancholie: Die Rezeption der psychoanalytischen Theorie in der japanischen Psychiatrie: Ayumi Matsuyama (Universität Kyoto)
Ayumi Matsuyama (Universität Kyoto)
Kiyoyasu Marui (1886-1953), Professor in Medicine, Tohoku Imperial University, Sendai, was the first to receive the theory of psychoanalysis in Japanese psychiatry. He also gave the first lecture of psychoanalysis in a Japanese university and his pupils turned to become the leading figures in Japanese psychoanalysis after his mentoring course. It is evident that he established a base to receive the theory of psychoanalysis in Japanese universities. Already in 1933 he gave an oral presentation, The Process of Introjection in Melancholia, as the first Japanese academician during a casuistic seminar arranged by the Wiener Psychoanalytischen Vereinigung, which was published as an essay in 1935 as well in the Internationalen Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse (Vol. 21: 584-592) as in The Internatinal Journal of Psycho-Analysis (Vol. 16: 49-58). This essay is seen as the first psychoanalytic study of melancholia in Japan. In it he introduced the case of a Japanese melancholia patient and stated that the case showed a unique difference from the theory of melancholia by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Mourning and Melancholia (1917). According to Freud’s theory, a patient’s lost object becomes introjected in his ego and it is treated sadistically by his critical agency (super-ego). Contrary to this theory, Marui realized that in his patient’s case the patient’s self-accusation was directed against his previous ego, followed by the introjection of his lost object’s super-ego in his own super-ego. Marui’s own theory of melancholia has never been thoroughly discussed or even properly studied. This...
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