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Orient im Okzident – Okzident im Orient

West-östliche Begegnungen in Sprache und Kultur, Literatur und Wissenschaft

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Edited By Ernest W.B. Hess-Lüttich and Yoshito Takahashi

Die programmatische Gegenüberstellung von Orient und Okzident spielt seit der «Entdeckung des Ostens» im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert in der Ideengeschichte Europas eine große Rolle. Der Band sucht Erscheinungsformen der «Repräsentation» von Orient und Okzident, wie sie sich in Sprache, Literatur, Medien, Technik und Umwelt äußern, aus mehreren Perspektiven xenologisch zu erschließen. Er vereint Ansätze zur philosophischen Grundlegung interkultureller Ost-West-Forschung sowie der kultur- und literarhistorischen Aufarbeitung wechselseitig fruchtbarer Inspiration, z. B. in der Weimarer Klassik, im Einfluss «östlichen» Denkens auf die Literatur des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts, aber auch in der Garten- und Landschaftsarchitektur sowie der Wissenschaftskommunikation im Zeichen neuer ökologischer Herausforderungen.
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Kiyoyasu Maruis Theorie der Melancholie: Die Rezeption der psychoanalytischen Theorie in der japanischen Psychiatrie: Ayumi Matsuyama (Universität Kyoto)

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Ayumi Matsuyama (Universität Kyoto)

Kiyoyasu Marui (1886-1953), Professor in Medicine, Tohoku Imperial University, Sendai, was the first to receive the theory of psychoanalysis in Japanese psychiatry. He also gave the first lecture of psychoanalysis in a Japanese university and his pupils turned to become the leading figures in Japanese psychoanalysis after his mentoring course. It is evident that he established a base to receive the theory of psychoanalysis in Japanese universities. Already in 1933 he gave an oral presentation, The Process of Introjection in Melancholia, as the first Japanese academician during a casuistic seminar arranged by the Wiener Psychoanalytischen Vereinigung, which was published as an essay in 1935 as well in the Internationalen Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse (Vol. 21: 584-592) as in The Internatinal Journal of Psycho-Analysis (Vol. 16: 49-58). This essay is seen as the first psychoanalytic study of melancholia in Japan. In it he introduced the case of a Japanese melancholia patient and stated that the case showed a unique difference from the theory of melancholia by Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Mourning and Melancholia (1917). According to Freud’s theory, a patient’s lost object becomes introjected in his ego and it is treated sadistically by his critical agency (super-ego). Contrary to this theory, Marui realized that in his patient’s case the patient’s self-accusation was directed against his previous ego, followed by the introjection of his lost object’s super-ego in his own super-ego. Marui’s own theory of melancholia has never been thoroughly discussed or even properly studied. This...

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