Festschrift für Georg Fischer SJ zum 60. Geburtstag
Edited By Dominik Markl, Claudia Paganini and Simone Paganini
Structure and Dynamic of Ez 20: A synchronic approach
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Structure and Dynamic of Ez 20
A synchronic approach*
John Kennedy Mensah
Ezekiel 20 is one of Ezekiel’s historical reviews (see Ez 16; 23), a prophetic message which radically interprets old traditions. The literary approach employed by Ezekiel to analyze Israel’s history is not an ad hoc creation.1 Some exegetes find it impossible to understand the text synchronically; they see it as full of glosses, insertions, additions and so on.2 However, this article will present a synchronic analysis of the text and demonstrate the coherence of its thematic development. The paper will analyze three aspects, proceeding from structure and dynamics via an analysis of time to three levels of speech, which will be the basis for evaluation. ← 171 | 172 →
1. Structure and Dynamics
The structure and dynamics of a text are inseparable from its thematic content and its development as communication.3 Ezekiel 20 can be divided into the following sections:4
The pericope, apart from exhibiting thematic coherence, presents (a) series of thematic contrasts, (b) past, present and future movements and (c) direct speech on different levels.
1.1 Thematic contrasts
YHWH’s response has been consistently presented from v3 as that of refusal with reasons presented from v5–31. The elders’ intention to consult YHWH (v1) is met with refusal at the initial stages of the text (v3),and results in the instruction to judge them (v4).
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