National Qualifications Frameworks and the Dual Model of Vocational Training in International Cooperation
Edited By Markus Maurer and Philipp Gonon
Bringing together contributions from authors involved in both the theory and practice of vocational skills training development, this volume analyses the challenges that are tied to the transfer of these two dominant models in the context of international cooperation, sheds light on how they are being implemented, and discusses alternatives to the standard approaches to policy transfer.
National qualifications frameworks and apprenticeships: Promises, premises, pitfalls: Stephanie Allais
National qualifications frameworks and apprenticeships: Promises, premises, pitfalls
This paper provides some analysis and reflection on the research which I have conducted on National Qualifications Frameworks, specifically from the point of view of developing and implementing apprenticeship systems. It reflects on the findings of two major studies (Allais 2010, 2007), as well as an ongoing analysis of policies focused on skills development. It draws on the literature on varieties of capitalism (Hall and Soskice 2001; Iverson & Stephens 2008), which, despite being dated in terms of its description of capitalist economies, nevertheless provides important insights into complementarities across social policy, labour market policies, and education policy. I start by considering the promises made about what qualifications frameworks can achieve, and the extent to which these promises have been met. This is followed by a discussion of the pitfalls experienced by countries that have attempted to implement qualifications frameworks. I then consider some of the premises that underpin qualifications frameworks, and reflect on why they do not seem to be a policy mechanism that is likely to support apprenticeship systems.