Stratégies transnationales féminines face à la mondialisation, XVIII e -XXI e siècles
Première PartieStratégies transnationales de femmes migrantes
Première partie Stratégies transnationales de femmes migrantes Scandinavian women to Amsterdam in the Dutch Golden Age: migratory strategies Sølvi SOGNER In the 1600s and well into the 1700s, the Dutch had the world’s largest commercial marine, trading not only in Europe but in Asia and the Americas as well. To run this seaborne trade, sailors were indispensable, and the Dutch demand for sailors was practically insatiable. Thousands of young Europeans, among them Scandinavians, were hired on to Dutch ships. Between long absences at sea – often of several years’ duration – they settled in Dutch port towns to be close to the maritime labour mar- ket. Parallel to this male migration, a substantial emigration of women took place. However, it is dismissive and reductionist to regard women’s migration as simply a reflection of men’s migration. These women were young, single women of the labouring classes, looking for work as well as for a husband. Recent research has presented overwhelming evidence for the fact that the normal life course pattern for young women of the labouring classes in this period – and even well into the last century – was just that: going into service for some years, then to marry, if possible (Fauve-Chamoux 2004). Sources available are scant. Often we only know the names of these «anonymous women». However, by means of the names, sources can be linked and squeezed for information. One may also wonder if the con- cept of strategy is too strong with its connotations of conscious choice,...
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