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La puissance britannique en question / Challenges to British Power Status

Diplomatie et politique étrangère au 20e siècle / Foreign Policy and Diplomacy in the 20th Century

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Edited By Claire Sanderson and Mélanie Torrent

Cet ouvrage est consacré aux transformations de la politique étrangère et de la diplomatie britanniques dans le temps long du déclin impérial, de l’intégration européenne et des relations transatlantiques. De la Royal Navy de l’amiral sir John Fisher à la politique nucléaire contemporaine, les auteurs analysent la capacité d’adaptation des pratiques internationales de la Grande-Bretagne, ses moteurs, ses limites et sa signification, à travers des cas d’étude centrés sur des archives nouvellement ouvertes ou des aires parfois marginalisées. Ils démontrent l’influence des individus, le poids des réseaux, l’évolution des processus de consultation et de prise de décision, en contexte de crise comme dans la gestion quotidienne. Considérant tour à tour les échelles locales et globales, bilatérales et multilatérales, l’ouvrage offre une perspective critique sur les pratiques culturelles et les courants intellectuels qui sous-tendent la politique étrangère et la diplomatie britanniques au 20 e siècle, de Bruxelles à Washington, du Canada au Pacifique, des Malouines à l’Afrique, des Nations Unies au Commonwealth des Nations.
This study addresses transformations in British diplomacy and foreign policy through the long-term perspectives of imperial decline, European integration and transatlantic relations. From the Royal Navy of Admiral Sir John Fisher to contemporary nuclear policy, the authors analyse Britain’s capacity to adapt its international practices, and the driving forces and constraints behind them. Using case studies based on newly available archives and including regions that tend to be marginalised, they show the influence of individuals, the importance of networks and the evolution of the consultation and decision-making processes, in contexts of both crisis and daily management. On a local, global, bilateral and multilateral scale, the book offers a critical perspective of the cultural practices and intellectual trends underlying British diplomacy and foreign policy in the 20th century, from Brussels to Washington, from the Falkland Islands to Africa, from the United Nations to the Commonwealth of Nations.

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Laurence Cros Laurence Cros has a PhD in Canadian studies and the agrégation in English studies. She is senior lecturer at the Department of English Studies of Université Paris Diderot where she teaches American and Canadian history and civilisation. Her research initially focused on the relationship between history writing and national identity in Canada. She now works on the way this identity is being expressed in Canada’s foreign policy, particularly in its relations with the United States and the promotion of multilateralism. She has received several research grants from the Canadian government. Richard Davis Richard Davis is professor of British studies at the Université Charles de Gaulle (Lille III) where he teaches courses in nineteenth and twentieth British history. He was awarded a BSc(Econ) in international relations from the London School of Economics in 1982, a PhD in history from the University of Sheffield in 1988, and the agrégation in English in 1995. His research focuses on British foreign policy in the twentieth century with a particular interest in Anglo-French relations. He is the author of Britain and France Before the War: Appeasement and Crisis, 1934-1936 (London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001), and co- edited Comprendre la Grande-Bretagne de Tony Blair: Bilan d’une alternance politique (Lille, Presses du Septentrion, 2001). He has written several articles dealing with Anglo-French relations in the inter- war years and with questions relating to Britain’s applications to enter the EEC in the 1960s. He also works on contemporary British foreign policy. Michael F. Hopkins...

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