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Le Canada : un pays divers

La diversité culturelle au Canada vue par Jean-Michel Lacroix


Edited By Hélène Harter and Serge Jaumain

À l’heure où les Européens s’interrogent sur les réponses à apporter à l’intensification des flux migratoires, le Canada où la gestion de l’immigration et de la diversité culturelle occupe une place centrale dans la vie intellectuelle et politique depuis les années 1960 attire l’attention de nombreux observateurs.
Saisir la complexité et la richesse de ces débats, nécessite une étude fine de l’évolution de la société canadienne. Qui de mieux que Jean-Michel Lacroix pouvait livrer cette analyse ?
Ce « canadianiste » internationalement reconnu, pionnier des études canadiennes tant en France qu’au niveau international a publié pendant une trentaine d’année des textes de référence sur les questions d’immigration et de multiculturalisme. Hélène Harter et Serge Jaumain ont choisi de réunir ici une sélection de ses articles qui restent d’une étonnante actualité et permettent de suivre l’évolution d’une pensée originale bien loin des clichés et autres idées reçues sur la réalité canadienne.
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Canadian and U.S. Approaches Towards the Americas: Similarities and Differences (2012)



The purpose of this article2 is to envisage the evolution of the relations between Canada and the United States with their southern neighbours, with the objective of comparing the respective attitudes of the two North American partners vis-à-vis Latin America. Under the administration of George W. Bush, anti-Americanism intensified worldwide. Nothing comparable occurred in the case of Canada: as a middle power with a legacy of peacekeeping initiatives in its recent past, it naturally came to be perceived in a more positive way. This difference led many to wonder whether Canada might be contemplated, in the Americas as elsewhere, as representing somehow a “more acceptable” version of the US. Or at least it did so until the past few years, during which time it has been said that the elections of Stephen Harper in 2006 and of Barack Obama in 2008 have brought about a shift in the two countries’ “images”. This article seeks to test this claim, with special reference to the relations of each with Latin America.

I proceed in the following manner. First, I analyze the political declarations of the two North American leaders over the past several years, to assess the degree that the political discourse has accorded with the political realities. Then I proceed to explore in some detail three particular issues: 1) the respective attitudes of Canada and of the United States vis-à-vis Cuba and Venezuela; 2) the policies adopted by both North American countries in respect...

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