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Pierre Werner et l’Europe : pensée, action, enseignements – Pierre Werner and Europe: His Approach, Action and Legacy

Elena Danescu and Susana Muñoz

Le centenaire de la naissance de Pierre Werner (1913–2013) a offert une occasion privilégiée d’évoquer la personnalité et l’œuvre de cet homme d’État luxembourgeois qui a marqué de son empreinte le devenir contemporain du Grand-Duché et l’intégration européenne. Réunis lors d’un colloque international qui s’est déroulé les 27 et 28 novembre 2013 à Luxembourg, une trentaine de chercheurs et d’experts réputés d’horizons différents (historiens, économistes, juristes, politologues), ainsi que des grands acteurs de la pensée économique et monétaire ont analysé la vision européenne de Pierre Werner et ont mis en lumière, dans une perspective internationale, l’actualité de ses réflexions face aux défis du XXIe siècle. Sur le plan méthodologique, plusieurs contributions puisent leur originalité dans l’exploitation scientifique des archives familiales Werner. Par le message et les enseignements qu’il délivre, cet ouvrage a pour ambition de contribuer à approfondir l’étude interdisciplinaire de l’Union économique et monétaire sur le long terme et invite les lecteurs à découvrir davantage le projet d’intégration européenne à travers la vision et l’action de l’un de ses promoteurs, Pierre Werner.
The centenary of the birth of Pierre Werner (1913–2013) offered a timely opportunity to reflect on the personality and achievements of this politician from Luxembourg who left his mark on the future of his country and on the European integration process. On 27 and 28 November 2013, some 30 renowned experts and researchers including historians, economists, legal experts and political scientists, together with major players in economic and monetary affairs, assembled in Luxembourg for a conference during which they analysed Pierre Werner’s European vision and offered an international perspective on the relevance of his approach in light of the challenges facing us in the 21st century. Several of the papers provided new insights based on the authors’ exploration of the Werner family archives. The aim of these proceedings is to offer a series of observations and conclusions that encourage further interdisciplinary analysis of Economic and Monetary Union from a long-term perspective and invite readers to find out more about the European integration process through the vision and actions of one of its instigators, Pierre Werner.
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The Dutch “Contribution” to the Werner Plan

Extract

Marc DIERIKX

Senior Researcher, Huygens Institute for the Historyof the NetherlandsRoyal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences

Although the Dutch had been present at the birth of European cooperation, they were somewhat reluctant participants in the process, forever seeking a balance between their old Atlantic and their new continental interests. This was true of their perception of European politics, as well as of their assessment of monetary matters within European cooperation. It was thus not entirely surprising that The Hague expressed reservations about the idea of setting up a special committee to devise a plan in stages for economic and monetary integration. It was clear that such a process would imply harmonisation at the European level, together with the transfer of financial and economic powers to the Community. Yet doubts went further: could there even be monetary progress without advances in economic and political integration? The Hague was not sure, and its representative on the Werner Committee, set up to develop a roadmap for this uncharted terrain, never tired of pointing this out. The present contribution will examine the Dutch role in the Werner Committee from the perspective of The Hague’s participation in European integration.1

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