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Pierre Werner et l’Europe : pensée, action, enseignements – Pierre Werner and Europe: His Approach, Action and Legacy

Elena Danescu and Susana Muñoz

Le centenaire de la naissance de Pierre Werner (1913–2013) a offert une occasion privilégiée d’évoquer la personnalité et l’œuvre de cet homme d’État luxembourgeois qui a marqué de son empreinte le devenir contemporain du Grand-Duché et l’intégration européenne. Réunis lors d’un colloque international qui s’est déroulé les 27 et 28 novembre 2013 à Luxembourg, une trentaine de chercheurs et d’experts réputés d’horizons différents (historiens, économistes, juristes, politologues), ainsi que des grands acteurs de la pensée économique et monétaire ont analysé la vision européenne de Pierre Werner et ont mis en lumière, dans une perspective internationale, l’actualité de ses réflexions face aux défis du XXIe siècle. Sur le plan méthodologique, plusieurs contributions puisent leur originalité dans l’exploitation scientifique des archives familiales Werner. Par le message et les enseignements qu’il délivre, cet ouvrage a pour ambition de contribuer à approfondir l’étude interdisciplinaire de l’Union économique et monétaire sur le long terme et invite les lecteurs à découvrir davantage le projet d’intégration européenne à travers la vision et l’action de l’un de ses promoteurs, Pierre Werner.
The centenary of the birth of Pierre Werner (1913–2013) offered a timely opportunity to reflect on the personality and achievements of this politician from Luxembourg who left his mark on the future of his country and on the European integration process. On 27 and 28 November 2013, some 30 renowned experts and researchers including historians, economists, legal experts and political scientists, together with major players in economic and monetary affairs, assembled in Luxembourg for a conference during which they analysed Pierre Werner’s European vision and offered an international perspective on the relevance of his approach in light of the challenges facing us in the 21st century. Several of the papers provided new insights based on the authors’ exploration of the Werner family archives. The aim of these proceedings is to offer a series of observations and conclusions that encourage further interdisciplinary analysis of Economic and Monetary Union from a long-term perspective and invite readers to find out more about the European integration process through the vision and actions of one of its instigators, Pierre Werner.
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From the Werner Report to the Delors Report

Extract

Piet CLEMENT

Head of Information and Collaborationat the Bank for International Settlements1

Two decades separate the Werner Report (1970) from the Delors Report (1989). Both shared the same objective – to map out the road towards European monetary unification – but experienced very different results. The Werner Plan formed the basis for the European Commission’s proposal for a gradual implementation of an economic and monetary union, which was formally adopted by the European Council at its meeting of 22 March 1971. However, the initial momentum was quickly lost as the international monetary system entered a period of turbulence in the early 1970s, and Western European economies began to diverge sharply in terms of productivity and inflation rates. Before long, the implementation of the Commission’s plan was abandoned. The Delors Report, on the other hand, was eventually successful. It not only provided the basis for the political decision to create a European Monetary Union (1992 Maastricht Treaty), but also a blueprint for its actual implementation (creation of the European Central Bank in 1998 and introduction of the euro in 1999/2002). All the same, the Delors Report cannot be viewed in isolation: one might even say that without the Werner Report the Delors Report would have been unthinkable.

In many ways, with the publication of the Werner Report in October 1970 the genie was out of the bottle. Though unsuccessful in its implementation, the Werner Plan managed to put the idea – if not the desirability – of European monetary...

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